Abstraction Breadth

2-D & Drawing

Successful use of COMPOSITION & the Principles of Design are essential in an ABSTRACT work of art.


1. art that does not attempt to represent external, recognizable reality but seeks to achieve its effect using shapes, forms, colors, and textures.
       OBJECTIVE: some subject matter is recognizable; details are simplified or magnified
       NON-OBJECTIVE: no recognizable subject matter


[kom-puhzishuh n]
1. the effective selection and arrangement of your subject matter within the picture area.
Remember the rule of thirds and keep the principles of balance, movement, and unity/harmony in mind when selecting the area to enlarge.


[moov-muh nt]
1. the look and feeling of action and to guide a viewer’s eye throughout a work of art or to a focal point.


[baluh ns]
1. the equilibrium of various elements within the work of art.  Arranging elements to create VISUAL  STABILITY so that no one part overpowers, or seems heavier than any other part.
  • Symmetrical/Formal Balance- equal balance on each side of an imaginary middle line.
  • Asymmetrical/Informal Balance- balance achieved through unequal distribution on each side of and imaginary middle line.
  • Radial Balance- occurs when elements in a work are positioned around a center point.


1. when one or more elements are combined in such a way to create more attention; the focal point.


1. the arrangement of all the visual elements in a composition to create a feeling of completeness and wholeness.
Learning Target:

Student will…create an abstract piece of art by cropping in on a small area. Work in COLOR- Prismacolor marker and/or pencils, pastels and/or colored charcoal pencils, oil pastel, acrylic, or watercolor on a full sheet of watercolor, bristol board, canson drawing paper or mixed media drawing paper. 18″ x 24″ MINIMUM

*you may create multiple views as well.


a. Select a piece of your own artwork from which to create an abstract composition or…     b. Find an object(s) that interest you and take a photo of it or them by ZOOMING IN on the object(s). DO NOT TAKE A PICTURE and then ZOOM IN with your ‘tools’ or ‘edit’. ZOOM IN with the camera FIRST.

No.2                                                                                                                                                                       MAKE A COPY OR PRINT PHOTOGRAPH

No.3                                                                                                                                                                      a. Use a viewfinder to select an area of your piece to enlarge. The area you select should create an interesting abstract composition. When you look through the viewfinder, concentrate on how you want the final picture to appear. Be sure to use the rule of thirds when selecting the area to enlarge:


“Remember, no matter how beautifully you paint an object, it remains a mere study until it is artfully incorporated into a composition. Occasionally I’ve seen students whose paint handling is crude, whose home values are unconvincing, and whose forms are badly proportioned, but who somehow manage to unify their paintings and end up with a stronger artistic statement than those with sophisticated skills yet no eye for the overall effect.”

– Charles Sovek, Oil Painting, Develop your Natural Ability – (Watson-Guptill)

My AP Studio Art student’s work:

Other AP Studio Art student’s work:

A gallery of other artist’s abstractions:


Click on the link below to see some really amazing abstractions of fruits & veggies by an outstanding AP student:

This article features the bold fruit and vegetable drawings of Sucha Chantaprasopsuk, completed as part of her AP Studio Art Drawing qualification at Reavis High School, Burbank, Illinois, United States. The drawings were submitted for Sucha’s Concentration project (awarded full marks – 6/6) and were featured on the AP Central Collegeboard website, as a learning exemplar for others. – See more at:http://www.studentartguide.com/featured/ap-studio-art-drawing-fruit#sthash.3B9pRovG.dpuf


Another way to look at ABSTRACT is through a microscope:


Student will…shoot an object in 24 different views with one light.

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